Teaching English in the Context of World Englishes

There are many varieties of the English language in the world. The term “World Englishes” is a result of the impacts of English as a global language. People from all over the world take the English language and adapts it to many circumstances. We have British, US, Australian, Indian, African, Asian and ELF variations. These variations are influenced by culture.

According to David Crystal’s speech, “if you walk down the Oxford Street in London, you will hear a hundred different accents and dialects.” This is an interesting thing about language because we have the same situation in Brasília, where we can found all the different accents and dialects of Brazil in the same place, but we are still able to understand all of them, and communicate using the vocabulary and grammar used and taught on regular school. This is just the same situation about World English; the student can communicate with the British or American English learned in most of the English schools, but sometimes the comprehension will require the prior knowledge about the differences between the dialects and accents around the world.

When we talk about English teaching, we may encounter teachers questioning what variation of English they should teach. Learning context and the needs of the learners may determine which variety of English should be taught. A teacher must choose one variation to teach. Therefore their learners will have it as their primary model of communication. What a teacher needs to do is to let their students know that these variations of English exist. It is not possible to teach every variation of English, but the teachers can, at least, expose students to the varieties of English, showing differences in pronunciation and grammar, for example. This may be important when we talk about comprehension, because a student may encounter a situation that the English he or she will be in contact with may not be comprehensible.  This is how the English variations affect teaching.

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English Language Teaching – Acronyms

Hello, welcome to our blog.

This is our very first post and we’re going to talk about “Acronyms”.

Acronyms are little words or names used as a shorter form of the initial letters or syllables in a sentence or word.

English Language Teachers use some of these acronyms frequently, and here we are going to explain, in a breve glossary, the meaning of twenty of them.

1. CELTA – Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults. Administered by Cambridge English based in England. This acronym refers to a specific, branded TEFL certificate course. Practitioners with a CELTA can continue their studies by completing the DELTA program.

2. CPE – Cambridge Proficiency Examination.

3. EAP – English for academic purposes.

4. EFL – English as a foreign language. English language programs in non-English-speaking countries where English is not used as the lingua franca. It is also used in some U.S. university programs where international students study English and are likely to return to their home countries after graduation or finishing course work.

5. EIL – English as an international language.

6. EL – English learner.

7. ELA – English language acquisition.

8. ESOL – English to speakers of other languages. Used to describe elementary and seondary English language programs. It is also used to designate classes within adult basic education programs.

9. GTM – Grammar Translation Method.

10. IEP – Intensive English program. Usually refers to a university program designed to help students improve their English before matriculating.

11. L1 – Native Language.

12. L2 – Second language.

13. LEP – Limited English Proficiency (or Proficient).

14. TEFL – Teaching English as a foreign language.

15. TESL – Teaching English as a second language.

16. TESOL – Teaching English to speakers of other languages. A professional activity that requires specialized training. It is also used to refer to TESOL International Association, as well as its signature event, the annual TESOL international convention.

17. TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language.

18. TOEIC – Test of English for International Communication

19. TPR – Total Physical Response. Is a language teaching method, based on the coordination of language and physical movement, most used with kids.

20. SLA – Second language acquisition.

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